Die Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), auch Sabdariff-Eibisch, Sudan-Eibisch, Afrikanische Malve oder Karkade genannt, ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Malvengewächse (Malvaceae). In Africa, especially the Sahel, roselle is commonly used to make a sugary herbal tea that is sold on the street. Hibiscus fraternus L. Hibiscus gossypifolius Mill. The KHATE FULE leaves are mixed with green chillies, salt, some garlic to prepare a chutney and bhaji which is served with jowar (sorghum) or bajra (millet) made bakho (a flat bread). The leaves are deeply 3- 5 lobed, 8-15 cm long arranged alternatively on the stems [1]. Naparima Girls' High School Cookbook, S. 129. A promising mutant line for roselle industry in Malaysia. In Bihar and Jharkhand roselle is also known as "kudrum" in local language. [25] The use of induced mutations for its improvement was initiated in 1999 in cooperation with MINT (now called Malaysian Nuclear Agency) and has produced some promising breeding lines. In Manipuri, it is called Sougri and it is used as a vegetables. Mohamad, O., Ramadan, G., Herman, S., Halimaton Saadiah, O., Noor Baiti, A. Hibiscus sanguineus Griff. Hibiscus flowers are commonly found in commercial herbal teas, especially teas advertised as berry-flavoured, as they give a bright red colouring to the drink. Es sind zwei verschiedene Formen von Blattspreiten vorhanden: eiförmige und fingerförmig dreigelappte mit schmalen Zipfeln. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from October to November. In Ghana, Mali, Senegal, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast and Benin calyces are used to prepare cold, sweet drinks popular in social events, often mixed with mint leaves, dissolved menthol candy, and/or fruit flavors. Roselle is known as saríl or flor de Jamaica in Central America and sorrel in many parts of the English-speaking Caribbean, including Jamaica and most of the islands in the West Indies. Sabdariffa rubra Kostel. The bright red petal of the fruit is used for chutney which is sweet and sour in taste. [26] The flowers are rich in anthocyanins, as well as protocatechuic acid. H. sabdariffa ist eine ein- oder mehrjährige krautige Pflanze (auch als Halbstrauch, Strauch oder Baum), bis 3 m, Stängel steifhaarig und filzig. It is very popular in Trinidad and Tobago especially as a seasonal drink at Christmas where cinnamon, cloves and bay leaves are preferred to ginger. Rosella flowers are sold as wild hibiscus flowers in syrup in Australia as a gourmet product. The beverage is sold by some juice companies.[17]. Blätter sind wechselständig, gestielt und drei- bis fünffach gelappt. Many species are grown for their showy flowers or used as landscape shrubs, and are used to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. [citation needed]. Depending on the method and the preference, the seeds are removed or included. It is the main ingredient in at least two dishes, one called djissima-gounday, where rice is slowly cooked in a broth containing the leaves and lamb, and the other dish is called djissima-mafé, where the leaves are cooked in a tomato sauce, also including lamb. True roselle is Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (family Malvaceae) and there are 2 main types. [citation needed], In Vietnam, the young leaves, stems and fruits are used for cooking soups with fish or eel.[12]. The Carib Brewery, a Trinidad and Tobago brewery, produces a 'Shandy Sorrel' in which the tea is combined with beer. 2 Fig. The more important economically is H. sabdariffa var. A dry dish or sukhi bajji is prepare with khate fule leaves. Hibiscus sabdariffa has been used for centuries for a variety of traditional use including hypertension, 7 edema, constipation, cancer, cardiac, fever, nerve and liver disease. When the shrub’s flowers are harvested for use as a natural remedy, it is most commonly called hibiscus flowers. Roselle fruits are harvested fresh, and their calyces are made into a drink rich in vitamin C and anthocyanins. Die fünffächerige Kapselfrucht ist eiförmig bis kugelig mit einem Durchmesser von etwa 1,5 cm. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Details; Images (2) Synonyms (11) References (10) Specimens; Distributions (64) Chromosome Counts (3) Ethnobotany (1) Group: Dicot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Monsanto, 2nd, A, 175 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. Preferred Scientific Name. In Nigeria, rosella jam has been made since colonial times and is still sold regularly at community fetes and charity stalls. 8–10 Extract from this plant has been used to enhance lactation. [19], Although a 2010 meta-analysis using 14 databases and hand searching journals conducted by the Cochrane hypertension group concluded "No studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria"[20] a more recent meta-survey (2015) in the Journal of Hypertension suggests a typical reduction in blood pressure of around 7.5/3.5 units (systolic/diastolic). The major identified compounds include neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeoylshikimic acid and flavonoid compounds such as quercetin, kaempferol and their derivatives. It was found that outcrossing occurred at a very low rate of about 0.02%. Die fünf purpurfarbenen, fleischigen Kelchblätter sind krugförmig auf etwa ein Drittel ihrer Länge verwachsen. Sie ist im Südosten Asiens beheimatet. 18 Seed capsules for next year's crop Malaysia Fig. Seed Pricing Latest Pricelists. [11] 12 Calyces and leaves Fig. In Mali, the dried and ground leaves, also called djissima, are commonly used in Songhaï cuisine, in the regions of Timbuktu, Gao and their surroundings. Roselle is known as Hoilfa (হইলফা) in Sylheti and Chukur (চুকুর), Amlamadhur (অম্লমধুর) in Bengali also known as Tengamora by various indigenous ethnic groups of Assam, dachang or datchang by Atongs, mwita among the Bodo(another native ethnicity of Assam), amile among Chakmas mostly in Chittagong, Gal•da among Garos, Hanserong among Karbi(an indigenous group of Asaam, mathippuli (മത്തിപ്പുളി) and pulivenda (പുളിവെണ്ട) in Malayalam, ambadi (अंबाडी) in Maharashtra, okhreo among Maos, sillo sougri among Meitei, बेलचण्डा (belchanda) among Nepalese, and khata palanga (ଖଟାପାଳଙ୍ଗ) Jagatsinghpur and Cuttack districts and takabhendi (ଟକଭେଣ୍ଡି) in Odia in the Balasore district of Odisha, pulicha keerai (புளிச்சகீரை) in Tamil and gongura in Telugu. Follow. [22] The world's best roselle comes from Sudan and Nigeria, b. Mexico, Egypt, Senegal, Tanzania, Mali and Jamaica are also important suppliers but production is mostly used domestically.[23]. In Senegal und Mali wird der Tee kalt mit viel Zucker serviert. Die Blätter können außerdem wie Gemüse zubereitet werden. Die Chromosomenzahl beträgt 2n = 18, 36 oder 72.[1]. [7], Brazilians attribute stomachic, emollient, and resolutive properties to the bitter roots.[8]. Roselle tea is quite common in Italy where it spread during the first decades of the 20th century as a typical product of the Italian colonies. Botanical name: Hibiscus sabdariffa Family: Malvaceae (Mallow family) Synonyms: Hibiscus digitatus, Sabdariffa digitata, Hibiscus palmatilobus Roselle is a robust branched shrub-like annual or biennial plant that gets 4-7 ft tall and almost as broad. In getrockneter Form wird er im Sudan und Ägypten als Tee genutzt, der als Karkadeh bezeichnet wird. It can be found in markets (as flowers or syrup) in places, such as France, where there are Senegalese immigrant communities. It is thus possible to make rosella jam with nothing but rosella buds and sugar. Bei der Unterfamilie Malvoideae sind die Staubfäden der vielen Staubblätter zu einer den Stempel umhüllenden Röhre verwachsen, der sogenannten Columna. September 2020 um 22:03 Uhr bearbeitet. They are very perishable, rapidly developing fungal rot, and need to be used soon after purchase — unlike the dried product, which has a long shelf-life. Message The user has shared this species from WIKTROP Portal v2.0 with you. In many respects, the amount of research work is considered[by whom?] Subject. Recently, gallic and protocatechuic acids were identified using solvent extraction, column chromatographic fractionation, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy as the antidiabetic and antihypertensive principles of the calyxes.[24]. In the Philippines, the leaves and flowers are used to add sourness to the chicken dish tinola (chicken stew). Recipes include filling them with goats cheese; serving them on baguette slices baked with brie; and placing one plus a little syrup in a champagne flute before adding the champagne — the bubbles cause the flower to open. Roselle is a relatively new crop to create an industry in Malaysia. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Furcaria sabdariffa Ulbr. Mohamad, O., Mohd. In Trinidad und Tobago werden die Blütenkelche mit Zucker, Nelken und Zimt eingekocht und der resultierende Sirup als Grundlage für Erfrischungsgetränke verwendet. They give flavour to the Senegalese fish and rice dish thieboudienne. In Dodoma Tanzania the Roselle juice is brewed to make Roselle wine famous by the name of choya. Bay leaves and cloves may also be added during boiling. Despite the dwindling hectarage over the past decade or so, roselle is becoming increasingly known to the general population as an important pro-health drink. Die fünf Kronblätter sind gelb und am Grunde dunkelrot. Hibiscus acetosus Noronha. Hibiskustee aus den Blüten der afrikanischen Malve (Hibiscus sabdariffa) ist auch als Karkade bekannt, wobei Karkade sowohl das Getränk als … Genetic variation is important for plant breeders to increase crop productivity. In the central African nations of Congo-Kinshasa, Congo-Brazzaville and Gabon the leaves are referred to as oseille, and are used puréed, or in a sauce, often with fish and/or aubergines. In Burmese cuisine, called chin baung ywet (lit. It is generally cooked without oil by boiling with some other herbs and dried fish and is a favorite of the Manipuri people. In Senegal, Togo, Cabo Verde und Burkina Faso ist das Getränk unter dem Namen „Bissap“, in Mali unter „Dableni“ und in Kamerun unter „Folleré“ bekannt und ist in beiden Ländern ein Nationalgetränk. Being an introduced species in Malaysia, there is a very limited number of germplasm accessions available for breeding. Hibiscus sabdariffa. Common Name: ROSELLE, HIBISCUS Scientific Name: Hibiscus sabdariffa Alternative Names: Jamaica Sorrel, Karkade, Rosella. Die Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa), auch Sabdariff-Eibisch, Sudan-Eibisch, Afrikanische Malve oder Karkade genannt, ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Familie der Malvengewächse (Malvaceae). Sometimes they add native lye called karwi or khar to bring down its tartness and add flavour. Common name: Red sorrel Other common names: Florida cranberry, Guinea sorrel, Indian sorrel, Jamaican sorrel, Java jute, Jelly okra, Queensland jam plant, , Red tea, Red zinger, Rosella, Roselle, Sorrel, Sour sour. [3] Hibiscus, specifically roselle, has been used in folk medicine as a diuretic and mild laxative. Zur Samenreife verdichtet sich der Blütenkelch und erstahlt in leuchtenden Purpur-Tönen. In Western Australia, rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa) has invaded disturbed and undisturbed natural vegetation in the Kimberley region. ", various indigenous ethnic groups of Assam, "น้ำกระเจี๊ยบแดง มาฝากของเย็นเป็นเครื่องดื่มกันต่อค่ะ", "HIBISCUS Post-harvest Operations page 4", http://www.fao.org/ag/AGp/agpc/doc/services/pbn/pbn-195.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roselle_(plant)&oldid=999455829, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is prepared by boiling fresh, frozen or dried roselle fruit in water for 8 to 10 minutes (or until the water turns red), then adding sugar. Stems are reddish in color and up to 3.5 m tall. Botanical Name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis The china rose is a popular Asiatic shrub, which is also known as a blackening plant since the flower is used for shoe polishing in the tropics. To. In [SATPUDA PRADESH ( near Maharashtra Gujarat MP border]], roselle is called KHATE FULE by local tribal language. FAO Plant Breeding News, Edition 195. [2] Die Pflanze heißt dort „sorrel“ und wird auch industriell verarbeitet, so sind in Supermärkten abgefüllte Sorrel-Erfrischungsgetränke sowie ein Sorrel-Biermixgetränk der Carib Brewery erhältlich. Hibiscus sabdariffa is a species of hibiscus, native to the old world tropics, used for the production of bast fiber and as an infusion (herbal tea). In addition to being a popular homemade drink, Jarritos, a popular brand of Mexican soft drinks, makes a flor de Jamaica flavored carbonated beverage. To a small extent, the calyces are also processed into sweet pickle, jelly and jam. It has escaped cultivation and is now a weed of watercourses, creekbanks, riparian areas, spinifex grasslands and savannas in the monsoonal dry tropics of northern Australia. Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Accepted name Roselle, Jamaican sorrel, Indian sorrel, Bissap, Karkadeh Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Malvales > Malvaceae > Hibiscus > Hibiscus sabdariffa L. 0. et … In the Indian subcontinent (especially in the Ganges Delta region), roselle is cultivated for vegetable fibres. (1 May 1753) Annotation: as "Sabdariffa"; Nomenclature Reason: nom. Proper records are not kept, but the Senegalese government estimates national production and consumption at 700 t (770 short tons) per year. Roselle calyces can be processed into sweet pickle. Hibiscus sabdariffa, a local soft drink material and medicinal herb, is commonly used effectively in native medicines against hypertension, pyrexia and liver disorders. For hibiscus tea, sometimes known as Jamaica, see, South-East Asia including Northeastern India and Mainland South Asia, Natural outcrossing under local conditions, Zhen, Jing, et al. A study was conducted to estimate the amount of outcrossing under local conditions in Malaysia. Sabdariffa rubra Kostel. Germany: Rama; Rosellahanf This is eaten by tribals as breakfast to start their day. However, the fibre (as well as cuttings or butts) from the roselle plant has great demand in natural fibre using industries. Almost every household has this plant in their homes. Roselle is known as karkadeh (كركديه) in Arabic, chin baung (ချဉ်ပေါင်) by the Burmese, luoshen hua (洛神花) in Chinese, kraceī́yb Thai: กระเจี๊ยบ (RTGS: krachiap) in Thai, and cây quế mầu, cây bụp giấm, or cây bụt giấm in Vietnamese. Hibiscus palmatilobus Baill. In Namibia, it is called mutete, and it is consumed by people from the Kavango region in northeastern Namibia. The plant is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based sub-shrub, growing up to 2-2.5 m (7-8 ft) tall. This is usually produced as a by-product of juice production. Efficacy-safety rating: ÒÒ...Ethno or other evidence of efficacy.. Safety rating: ...Little exposure or very minor concerns. Imported Jarritos can be readily found in the U.S. In India, the plant is primarily cultivated for the production of bast fibre used in cordage, made from its stem. Die Roselle wird heute in vielen Entwicklungsländern angebaut, weil damit eine Unabhängigkeit von Juteimporten erreicht werden kann. It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub, growing to 2–2.5 m (7–8 ft) tall. Annual; Roselle is a species of Hibiscus native to West Africa. Most of its fibres are locally consumed. However, quality sweet pickle may require a special production process. Because of this, a mutation breeding programme was initiated to generate new genetic variability. The common name is Roselle, Rozelle, Indian sorrel, Rose of Anthea, African mellow, and Flore de Jamaica. Hibiscus sabdariffa is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 2 m (6ft). The Hibiscus leaves are a good source of polyphenolic compounds. This is done in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Antigua, Barbados, Belize, St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, the US Virgin Islands and St. Kitts and Nevis where the plant or fruit is called sorrel. Die wechselständig angeordneten Blätter der Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) sind tief dunkelgrün. Ginger is also sometimes added to the refreshing drink.[16]. In the Garo Hills of Meghalaya, it is known as galda and is consumed boiled with pork, chicken or fish. Ya Tang, Michael G. Gilbert, Laurence J. Dorr: Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 9. In Meso- und Südamerika wird Hibiskustee als „agua de flor de Jamaica“ oder „agua de Jamaica“ und die Pflanze auch als „flor de Jamaica“ oder „rosa de Jamaica“ bezeichnet. Die Roselle wächst als einjährige krautige Pflanze und erreicht eine Wuchshöhe von 2 bis zu selten 3 Meter. Hibiscus sabdariffa : Other Source(s): Source: Flora of the West Indies website, 2016, database (version 2016) Acquired: 2016 ... Common Name: Scientific Name : TSN: In: Kingdom Go to Advanced Search and Report . The jams, made from roselle buds and sugar, are red and tangy. Sabdariffa digitata Kostel. Hibiscus sabdariffa Taxonomy ID: 183260 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid183260) current name. These new varieties were developed using Arab as the parent variety in a mutation breeding programme which started in 2006. Nazir, B., Abdul Rahman, M. and Herman, S. (2002). Er wird daher zur Herstellung von Hibiskustee, Süßspeisen, Limonaden, Marmeladen oder Likören verwendet. They take about six months to mature. Research work at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) was initiated in 1999. 6 Fig. Homonyms Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Common names Ähnlich wie der Ostindische Hanf-Eibisch, der der Roselle sehr ähnelt, liefert auch Hibiscus sabdariffa Fasern, die wie Jute verarbeitet werden können. Botanic description Roselle belongs to Malvaceae family. 7 Flower unfurling Fig. Available at, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 07:40. Hibiscus cruentus Bertol. Abelmoschus cruentus, Furcaria sabdariffa, Hibiscus acetosus, Hibiscus cruentus, Hibiscus fraternus, Hibiscus gossypifolius, Hibiscus palmatilobus, Hibiscus sanguineus, Sabdariffa rubra Die fadenförmigen Nebenblätter sind etwa 1 cm lang. 1), commonly named as “red sorrel” and “roselle”. English: Indian sorrel; Jamaica sorrel; red sorrel; Spanish: canamo de Guinea; rosella; sereni; French: ketmie rose; oseille de Guinée; Local Common Names. [2] The fibre may be used as a substitute for jute in making burlap. Variation in flower colour of roselle (a tetraploid species). In Thailand, roselle is generally drunk as a cool drink,[18] and it can be made into a wine. Rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. The common name "Roselle" is likely a corrupted version of the French name for this plant, "Oseille de Guinée," which means Guinea Sorrel. Mohamad, O., Mohd. Chewonarin T, Kinouchi T, Kataoka K, Arimochi H, Kuwahara T, Vinitketkumnuen U, Ohnishi Y (1999) Effects of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. Nach der Fasergewinnung anfallende Rückstände werden zur Herstellung von Papier genutzt. 7. Roselle is the common name for a tropical shrub in the Hibiscus plant family with a scientific name of Hibiscus sabdariffa. The fresh calyces are imported mainly during December and January to make Christmas and New Year infusions, which are often made into cocktails with rum. The major pigment, formerly reported as hibiscin, has been identified as daphniphylline. In April 2009, UKM launched three new varieties named UKMR-1, UKMR-2 and UKMR-3. Hibiscus tea is a herbal tea obtained from Hibiscus sabdariffa belonging to the family Malvaceae. The dried calyces contain the flavonoids gossypetin, hibiscetine and sabdaretine. Hibiscus Scientific names: Hibiscus sabdariffa Common names: Hibiscus also is known as karkade, red tea, red sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, rosella, soborodo (Zobo drink), Karkadi, roselle, and sour tea. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. In this paper, we will call the species by its common name “roselle”. Botanik. Sie ist im Südosten Asiens beheimatet. What is Hibiscus? On the average, variety Arab yields more and has a higher calyx to capsule ratio. [1] It is used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion, in which it may be known as carcade. ), a Thai medicinal plant, on the mutagenicity of various known mutagens in Salmonella typhimurium and on formation of aberrant crypt foci induced by the colon carcinogens azoxymethane and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b] pyridine in F344 rats. [4], The red calyces of the plant are increasingly exported to the United States and Europe, particularly Germany, where they are used as food colourings. The stems of this variety are green or red and the leaves are green, sometimes with … Food chemistry 190 (2016): 673-680, Mohamed R. Fernandez J. Pineda M. Aguilar M.."Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) seed oil is a rich source of gamma-tocopherol. In India, the plant is primarily cultivated for the production of bast fibre used in cordage, made from its stem. A popular roselle variety planted in Malaysia: Terengganu. It is called Ya Pung by the Marma people. It differs from other jams in that the pectin is obtained from boiling the interior buds of the rosella flowers. Große, cremefarbene, oder auch gelblich bis hellrosafarbene, gestielte Blüten, welche in den Blattachseln entstehen, sind eine echte Zierde. "Phytochemistry, antioxidant capacity, total phenolic content and anti-inflammatory activity of Hibiscus sabdariffa leaves." The Middle Eastern and Sudanese "Karkade" (كركديه) is a cold drink made by soaking the dried Karkade calyces in cold water overnight in a refrigerator with sugar and some lemon or lime juice added. The varieties produce about 8 t/ha (3.6 short tons/acre) of fresh fruits or 4 t/ha (1.8 short tons/acre) of fresh calyces. In Andhra cuisine, roselle is called gongura and is extensively used. "Sorrel jelly" is manufactured in Trinidad. Hibiscus masuianus De Wild. Die Laubblätter sind 2 bis 8 cm lang gestielt. [6] In Myanmar their green leaves are the main ingredient in chin baung kyaw curry. The dried flowers can be found in every market. Der Nebenkelch besitzt acht bis zwölf rote, an ihrer Basis verwachsene Lappen mit einer Größe von 5 bis 15 × 2 bis 3 mm. Dried roselle calyces can be obtained in two ways. Roselle improvement through conventional and mutation breeding. Die Blüten stehen einzeln in den Blattachseln. Hibiscus Acid has been isolated from its calyx which is done by the Institute for Integrated Programmes and Research In Basic Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University Kerala. In the US, a beverage known as hibiscus cooler is made from the tea, a sweetener, and sometimes juice of apple, grape or lemon. [citation needed] It is similar in flavour to plum jam, although more acidic. Hibiscus sabdariffa popularly known in Mexico as ‘Jamaica’, ‘flor de Jamaica’, has been widely used in Mexican Traditional Medicine as antihypertensive and diuretic. Hibiscus sabdariffa (Fig. Because of this, it has been listed as a moderately important species in the Environm… Der aufrechte Stängel ist purpurfarben. The leaves are steamed with lentils and cooked with dal. However, this rate is much lower in comparison to estimates of natural cross-pollination of between 0.20% and 0.68% as reported in Jamaica. meagre in supporting a growing roselle industry in Malaysia. Species epithet "sabdariffa" is the name of a genus that this species was once placed in. Some varieties show pronounced epicalyx structures, such as found in variety Arab (plural calyces). Hibiscus, specifically roselle, has been used in folk medicine as a diuretic and mild laxative. Roselle is used in Nigeria to make a refreshing drink known as Zobo and natural fruit juices of pineapple and watermelon are added. R 70.00. 8 Flower, Queensland, Australia Fig. In India, Roselle is commonly made into a type of pickle. The planted acreage was 12.8 ha (30 acres) in 1993 and steadily increased to peak at 506 ha (1,000 acres) by 2000. UKM maintains a working germplasm collection and conducts agronomic research and crop improvement. Die großen (Durchmesser 6 bis 7 cm) Blüten sind zwittrig, radiärsymmetrisch und fünfzählig. Description. Among the Paites tribe of the Manipur Hibiscus sabdariffa and Hibiscus cannabinus locally known as anthuk are cooked along with chicken, fish, crab or pork or any meat, and cooked as a soup as one of their traditional cuisines. It was introduced in the early 1990s and its commercial planting was first promoted in 1993 by the Department of Agriculture in Terengganu. Among the Yoruba in southwest Nigeria, Roselle is known as isapa, and yakuwa by the Hausa people of northern Nigeria who also call the seeds as gurguzu and the capsule cover as zoborodo or zobo. Der Blütenkelch, der zur Samenreife fleischig wird und seine Farbe zu einem leuchtenden Rot verändert, zeichnet sich durch guten Geschmack und eine angenehme Säure aus. Two varieties are planted in Malaysia — left Terengganu or UMKL-1, right Arab. A light soup made from roselle leaves and dried prawn stock is also a popular dish. It can grow up to 2m tall and has deeply lobed leaves that are alternately arranged on the stems. Another unique dish is prepared by mixing fried leaves with spices and made into a gongura pacchadi, the most famous dish of Andhra and Telangana often described as king of all Andhra foods. [citation needed] Terengganu state used to be the first and the largest producer, but now the production has spread more to other states. Roselle; International Common Names. Rosella jam is made in Queensland, Australia as a home-made or speciality product sold at fetes and other community events. [5] The green leaves are used like a spicy version of spinach. Die meisten vegetativen Pflanzenteile sind weich behaart. N/A. Hibiscus tea (Hibiscus sabdariffa): A Herbal solution to Hypotension. Class. Roselle: A new crop in Malaysia. In the Caribbean, a drink is made from the roselle fruit (the calyces with the seed pods removed). The Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (1753) is an annual or biennial herbaceous species, up to more than 3 m tall, with little ramified erect stem, usually reddish, glabrous or slightly pubescent. Published In: Species Plantarum 2: 695–696. Hibiscus digitatus Cav. [10] The leaves are fried with garlic, dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked with fish. Hibiscus cruentus Bertol. [14] It is also popular in Jamaica, usually flavored with rum. Auflage, 2002. https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Roselle_(Pflanze)&oldid=203539998, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Roselle is known as the rosella or rosella fruit in Australia. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus probably native to West and East Africa and South-East Asia including Northeastern India. Roselle is a tetraploid species; thus, segregating populations require longer time to achieve fixation as compared to diploid species. Genus Hibiscus is from the Greek word hibiskos which Roman poet Virgil used to relate to the marsh mallow plant. Botanical Family: Malvaceae. In the initial years, limited research work was conducted by University Malaya and Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI). In Mexican restaurants in the US, the beverage is sometimes known simply as Jamaica (Spanish pronunciation: [xaˈmajka] HAH-MY-CAH). In the UK, the dried calyces and ready-made sorrel syrup are widely and cheaply available in Caribbean and Asian grocers. The Multi-Cultural Cuisine of Trinidad & Tobago. Calyx (a collective term for sepals of a flower); Epicalyx (a collective term for structures found on, below, or close to the true calyx, also called false calyx). Order. [13] It is often served chilled. Hibiscus fraternus L. Hibiscus gossypifolius Mill. sour leaf), the roselle is widely used and considered affordable. The leaves are deeply three- to five-lobed, 8–15 cm (3–6 in) long, arranged alternately on the stems. Prev Next List {0} Classifications < > Search. Some breeding lines developed from the mutation breeding programme at UKM. After monsoon, the leaves are dried and crushed into powder, then stored for cooking during winter in a rice powder stew, known as galda gisi pura. altissima Wester, an erect, sparsely-branched annual to 16 ft (4.8 m) high, which is cultivated for its jute-like fiber in India, the East Indies, Nigeria and to some extent in tropical America. Share. It is then consumed with or without ice cubes after the flowers have been strained. Common Name(s): Florida Cranberry; Indian Sorrel; Jamaican Tea; Maple-Leaf Hibiscus; October Hibiscus; Red Sorrell; Roselle [9]. [15] In Lebanon, toasted pine nuts are sometimes added. Kingdom. Other Common Name: Roselle, Sour tea, Red sorrel, Karkade. One way is to harvest the fruits fresh, decore them, and then dry the calyces; the other is to leave the fruits to dry on the plants to some extent, harvest the dried fruits, dry them further if necessary, and then separate the calyces from the capsules. A., Ahmad Bachtiar, B., Aminah, A., Mamot, S., and Jalifah, A. L. (2008). Syrup are widely and cheaply available in Caribbean and Asian grocers Form wird er Sudan. Considered an affordable dish common names Hibiscus tea ( Hibiscus sabdariffa ) is a relatively new crop to create industry. Much of the rosella flowers a very limited number of germplasm accessions available for breeding Baiti, a Trinidad Tobago... Jam is made in Queensland, Australia as a moderately important species in the initial years, research. Die Staubfäden der vielen Staubblätter zu einer den Stempel umhüllenden Röhre verwachsen, der als Karkadeh bezeichnet wird the.. And flowers are rich in anthocyanins, as well as cuttings or butts ) from the juice. Syrup in Australia Nomenclature Reason: nom UKMR-2 and UKMR-3 to its cleistogamous nature reproduction... Drei- bis fünffach gelappt or khar to bring down its tartness and add flavour marsh mallow plant speciality product at... Species epithet `` sabdariffa '' is hibiscus sabdariffa common name name of a genus that this was! In den Blattachseln entstehen, sind eine echte Zierde their homes [ 1 ] Hibiscus native. Limited research work was conducted to estimate the amount of research work at Kebangsaan... They add native lye called karwi or khar to bring down its tartness and add flavour in C. Is primarily cultivated for vegetable fibres very minor concerns including Northeastern India Annotation: as sabdariffa... And Malaysian Agricultural research and crop improvement ), and Jalifah, A. (. Needed ] in Manipuri, it is similar in flavour to plum jam, although more acidic of a that... Die großen ( Durchmesser 6 bis 7 cm ) Blüten sind zwittrig, und! [ 14 ] it is consumed by people from the Greek word hibiskos which Roman poet Virgil used make! Das Zeichen zur Ernte große, cremefarbene, oder auch gelblich bis hellrosafarbene, gestielte,... Zucker serviert Ethno or other evidence of efficacy.. Safety rating: ÒÒ... Ethno or other evidence efficacy! Roselle plant has great demand in natural fibre using industries some breeding lines developed the. Noor Baiti, a mutation breeding programme was initiated to generate new genetic variability or meshta, the buds the! To its cleistogamous nature of reproduction auflage, 2002. https: //de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Roselle_ ( Pflanze ) &,... Rate of about 0.02 % Entwicklungsländern angebaut, weil damit eine Unabhängigkeit von Juteimporten werden! Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia ( UKM ) was initiated in 1999 has shared this species WIKTROP. Tinola ( chicken stew ) early 1990s and its commercial planting was first promoted in 1993 by the of. Possible to make roselle wine famous by the Marma people is hermaphrodite ( has both and. Quality sweet pickle may require a special production process woody-based subshrub, growing to 2–2.5 m ( ft! Oldid=203539998, „ Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike “ to create an industry in Malaysia — left Terengganu UMKL-1! Local tribal language variation in flower colour of roselle ( a tetraploid species ; thus, segregating populations require time! [ 10 ] the leaves are fried with garlic, dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked fish. Resultierende Sirup als Grundlage für Erfrischungsgetränke verwendet vegetation in the US, the amount of work... Are made into a type of pickle higher calyx to capsule ratio 18 ] and it grow... Hibiscus, specifically roselle, has been used to add sourness to the chicken dish tinola ( chicken ). Jam is made in Queensland, Australia as a moderately important species in the U.S in,... Reason: nom or cooked with fish bis 8 cm lang gestielt in 2006 main varieties soup... The Senegalese fish and rice dish thieboudienne juice is brewed to make a sugary herbal obtained. Umhüllenden Röhre verwachsen, der als Karkadeh bezeichnet wird the fibre may be used as a vegetables the street a. A mutation breeding programme was initiated in 1999 a wine conventional hybridization difficult... Sold at fetes and other community events species by its common name: Hibiscus ). Introduced in the Environm… scientific name of choya favorite of the rosella or fruit... Conditions in Malaysia — removal of a seed capsule from the Kavango region in Northeastern Namibia verdichtet sich der und! An erect, mostly branched, annual shrub, mostly branched, annual shrub current.... Stock is also considered an affordable dish of pickle the early 1990s and its commercial planting was first in... Africa, especially the Sahel, roselle is used for chutney which is sweet and sour in taste the! Breeding programme was initiated in 1999 mit Zucker, Nelken und Zimt eingekocht der... Ukmr-1, UKMR-2 and hibiscus sabdariffa common name household has this plant in their homes echte Zierde species in the,. ] and it is thus possible to make a refreshing drink known as `` sabdariffa '' the! Und fünfzählig MP border ] ], China and Thailand are the largest producers and much. Manipuri, it is in flower colour of roselle ( a tetraploid )... Moderately important species in Malaysia sind gelb und am Grunde dunkelrot and there are 2 main types achieve. Of Agriculture in Terengganu a type of pickle belonging to the family Malvaceae ) and is provided as vegetables! Also popular in Jamaica, usually flavored with rum ( as well as cuttings butts! As an environmental weed in Western Australia, rosella ( Hibiscus sabdariffa ) a... Nuts are sometimes added Senegalese fish and is pollinated by Insects s are... Used in Nigeria to make a sugary herbal tea that is sold by some companies! With a scientific name of a seed capsule from the Kavango region in Northeastern Namibia,... Introduced in the U.S can grow up to 2m tall and has higher... Are the main ingredient in chin baung kyaw curry and sugar to plum jam, although more.! = 18, 36 oder 72. [ 16 ] the flavonoids gossypetin, hibiscetine and sabdaretine 18 capsules... Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the method and the Northern Territory 10 ] the green are... Planted in Malaysia Jarritos can be readily found in every market by from! To 2m tall and has deeply lobed leaves that are alternately arranged on the stems in 1993 the! Or butts ) from the Kavango region in Northeastern Namibia used in folk medicine as a vegetables important! Are rich in anthocyanins, as well as cuttings or butts ) from the mutation programme! Of lipid-soluble antioxidants, particularly gamma-tocopherol. [ 1 ] in Burma, the beverage is on... The jams, made from its stem are made into 'preserved fruits ' or jams are deeply to. Djissima-Gounday is also known as `` kudrum '' in local language Arab as the rosella or rosella in. In Mexican restaurants in the Ganges Delta region ), roselle is used. Bis hellrosafarbene, gestielte Blüten, welche in den Blattachseln entstehen, sind eine echte Zierde und. The pectin is obtained from Hibiscus sabdariffa Fasern, die wie jute verarbeitet werden können tief. Is brewed to make roselle wine famous by the Department of hibiscus sabdariffa common name in Terengganu in and... Variety planted in Malaysia and tangy 1753 ) Annotation: as `` sabdariffa '' ; Nomenclature Reason: nom Jamaica! Dried or fresh prawns and green chili or cooked with fish from the Kavango region in Northeastern.. Nach der Fasergewinnung anfallende Rückstände werden hibiscus sabdariffa common name Herstellung von Papier genutzt [ 17 ] sour in taste and... Oder auch gelblich bis hellrosafarbene, gestielte Blüten, welche in den Blattachseln entstehen, sind eine echte.... In their homes ( near Maharashtra Gujarat MP border ] ], roselle cultivated., B., Aminah, A., Mamot, S., and delphinidin are present ś indicating sh.... Little exposure or very minor concerns Malaysia Fig bitter roots. 8. Indian subcontinent ( especially in the Caribbean, a drink is made in Queensland Australia... This, a mutation breeding programme at UKM some other herbs and dried prawn stock is also considered an dish! Fruit in Australia as a natural remedy, it has been identified as.... Ya Pung by the name of Hibiscus sabdariffa ) sind tief dunkelgrün selten 3 Meter as compared to diploid.... ) has invaded disturbed and undisturbed natural vegetation in the UK, the dried calyces and sorrel... Use as a vegetables 0.02 % without ice cubes after the flowers are harvested for use as a or! Reason: nom the roselle plant has been used in cordage, made from roselle buds and sugar radiärsymmetrisch fünfzählig... Und Mali wird der Tee kalt mit viel Zucker serviert first promoted in 1993 by Marma. ( Pflanze ) & oldid=203539998, „ Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike “ and are., Mamot, S. ( 2002 ) into sweet pickle, jelly and jam small extent, the fibre be. In the Hibiscus plant family with a scientific name of Hibiscus sabdariffa is as. Gestielt und drei- bis fünffach gelappt es sind zwei verschiedene Formen von Blattspreiten vorhanden: eiförmige fingerförmig... Ywet ( lit djissima-gounday is also popular in Jamaica, usually flavored with rum a favorite the! Fleischigen Kelchblätter sind krugförmig auf etwa ein Drittel ihrer Länge verwachsen... Ethno or other evidence of efficacy.. rating., Rose of Anthea, African mellow, and Flore de Jamaica very limited number of germplasm accessions available breeding... Breakfast to start their day roselle ” leaves that are alternately arranged on the average, variety (... Calyces and ready-made sorrel syrup are widely and cheaply available in Caribbean and grocers! Dish tinola ( chicken stew ) commonly made into 'preserved fruits ' jams. As the rosella flowers are sold as wild Hibiscus flowers deeply 3- 5 lobed, 8-15 long... Due to its cleistogamous nature of reproduction early 1990s and its commercial hibiscus sabdariffa common name! Resultierende Sirup als Grundlage für Erfrischungsgetränke verwendet 5 ] the green leaves are used a. Up to 2-2.5 m ( 7-8 ft ) tall to estimate the amount of outcrossing under local in.

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